Today, we bear witness to how technology has revolutionized our lifestyle. It has enhanced the education sector, the healthcare industries, the manufacturing industries and what not. When we talk about technology, we tend to associate it with Artificial Intelligence (AI). However, there is much more to it.
In this write-up, you will get to learn about significant technologies that are constantly being worked upon. And you will also have an idea about the upcoming technologies. These are:
Quantum Computers to Change Computing Realm
We are always fascinated by the thought of super-fast computing. The metatrend of quantum computing is likely to increase in the next decade. It will barely take a second for the machines to comprehend complex data, like pattern changes and weather and climate patterns.
In 2019, Symacore, Google’s quantum computer solved a problem that would have taken conventional supercomputer decades to crack. As you can imagine, the computer will play an instrumental role in gene sequencing, medicine, physics, chemistry, computer science, data science, etc.
In June 2020, a technology firm in Honeywell in North Carolina made the world’s most powerful quantum computer (as per quantum volume). Now, what does ‘quantum volume’ signify? Well, the metric considers a system’s number of qubits, noise and error rates and connectivity, which capture the intricacy of the problems it can solve. The system’s quantum volume is estimated to be twice of IBM’s leading device, Summit. And this is just the tip of the iceberg.
Gene Editing Will Help in Curing Diseases
Gene -editing technologies are making great strides, courtesy the CRISPR technology. And, there is a convergence of genome sequencing, AI, and other biotechnologies. Until now, it has been leveraged to modify human blood cells that are then put back into the body to treat AIDS, leukemia, and can be the cure for dystrophy, hemophilia, and MRSA.
It has found success in the agriculture department. Genome editing has been used to make the crops disease-resistant and increase yield. Interestingly, Harvard scientists have used CRISPR to create CAMERA (CRISPR-mediated analogue multi-event recording apparatus). The tool records the events in the lifetime of the cell, like exposure to nutrients, viruses, antibiotics, etc.
Moreover, gene editing has been utilized to remove genetic diseases in pets, especially dogs and cats. The technology also improved the production of biofuels by algae. In this regard, the CRISPR-Cas9 has been used by Synthetic Genomics to create algae strains that produce twice as much fat. CRISPR could also help us create ‘gene drives’ that ensure genetic modification will be inherited by insects that spread diseases.
5G Will Revolutionize Telecom Sector
The interconnectivity between devices and people are bound to improve with the introduction of 5G. Launch of multifarious global satellite networks (OneWeb, Elon Musk’s Starlink Satellite, etc.) and 5G will enable faster transmission of data. It is believed that 5G takes the possibilities and speed of 4G and multiplies it tenfold. It will allow ubiquitous and cheap communications for everyone, everywhere.
As per a research, it has been found that 5G will be driving global growth. There will be $2.1 trillion dollars in GDP growth, $13.2 trillion dollars of global economic output, and 22.3 million new jobs. If you need further information, you can seek assignment help from the professional experts.
5G is faster than any wifi network, which means that IoT devices can function anywhere, without being limited to local wireless networks. Now this, in turn, opens up new possibilities. IoT, in case of smart cities, would allow cities to track their inner workings. And AI and Deep Learning can be utilized to alleviate traffic congestion.
Virtual and Augmented Reality in Education
You must be aware of the immersive technologies that are taking the world by storm right now? It involves both the Virtual (VR) and the Augmented Reality (AR). It is estimated that 70 per cent of the educational institutions will venture into this territory by 2022. With this technology, the students will enjoy:
- Virtual Training
Students will reap the benefits of visual learning, and have a better grasp of complex functions. For instance, in engineering, they can look at the electronic circuits in 3D, and can conduct experiments through virtual practice.
- Enhanced Sense of Place and Form
The learners will have a better idea of the place or structure of an object due to the 3D representation. For instance, in medicine, students will have a 3D look into the human body. And in subjects like geography, they will be able to picture the landforms and terrains properly.
Tools like Tilt Brush offer the students an opportunity to explore their creativity. Moreover, tools like Maya developmental tool, Blender, CRYENGINE, etc. boost imagination.
Immersive technology could possibly replace textbooks in the near future, as our minds tend to retain the audio-visual effect more than written texts.
AI Technology to Develop Further
With the rise in global demand, specialized deep learning and machine learning chips and algorithms are dropping rapidly. Today, you have a plethora of sophisticated virtual assistants like Siri, Alexa, etc. They provide personalized recommendations, help you arrange your tasks, schedule emails, and much more. Natural language processing is expected to improve translators, social media monitoring, chatbots and targeted advertising.
In addition to this, there are emerging AI technologies as well. These include Generative AI, Federated Learning, and Neural Network Compression. Generative AI allows machines to use audio files, text, images to create content, generate 3D images, facial mapping, etc.
Federated Learning distributes machine learning process over to the edge. The process is extensive though; you have to set up servers and train models on data via cloud computing platform. And using neural networks, Big Data can be analyzed even better. However, this also creates space issues, for which Neural Network Compression plays an important role.
Now, there exist various devices and applications based on the technologies mentioned above. These include smart watches, Android and iOS apps, bitcoin, blockchain, robots, drones, 3D printing, autonomous vehicles, edge computing and digital twin. The list is endless. And you can expect the list to keep on growing as the technology gets developed further.